Fictional character Salomé lived in Judea between AD 14 and 71. Her Hebrew name is שלומית (Shlomit) means “peace” and was used as the typical “hello” greeting of the time. According to tradition, Salome was the stepdaughter of Herod Antipas (ruler of Judea), and danced before him on his birthday. This so delighted Herod that he promised her mother a favour, which was the beheading of John the Baptist.
Christian traditions depict her as an icon of dangerous female seductiveness, for instance depicting as erotic her dance mentioned in the New Testament, or concentrate on her lighthearted and cold foolishness that, according to the gospels, led to John the Baptist’s death.
Often the subject of fine art, below I have gathered as many examples of Salomé in painting or sculpture as possible, and arranged them chronologically. If you can think of any that I’ve missed, please leave a link in the comments!
Salome with the head of John the Baptist (1488) Tempera on Panel by Sandro Botticelli
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist (1515) by Titian (Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome)
Salome (1515) by Cesare da Sesto
Salome receiving the Head of John the Baptist (1527) by Bernardino Luini
Salome (1530) Oil on Board by Lucas Cranach the Elder
Salome (1610) Oil on Canvas by Caravaggio
Judith with the Head of Holofernes (1613) by Christofano Allori
Salome (1865) Oil on canvas by Pierre Bonnaud
The Tatooed Salomé (1876), Oil by Gustave Moreau
Salome and the Apparition of the Baptist’s Head, watercolor by Gustave Moreau
Salome (unknown) by Gustave Moreau
Salome (1875) in watercolor by Gustave Moreau
Salome dancing before Herod (1876) by Gustave Moreau
Salome in the Garden (1878) in watercolor by Gustave Moreau
Salome (1870) by Henri-Alexandre-Georges Regnault
Salome (1889) Oil on Canvas by Leon Herbo
Salome (1890) by Ella Ferris Pell
Salome (1893) in Pastels by Odilon Redon
Salome (1897) by Alphonse Maria Mucha
Salome (1900) Oil on Canvas by Lovis Corinth
Salome (1906) by Franz von Stuck
Salome (1907) by Vardges Surenyants
Salome (1909) Oil on Canvas by Robert Henri
Judith I / Giuditta I (Salomé) (1905) by Gustav Klimt
Judith II / Giuditta II (Salomé) (1909) by Gustav Klimt
Salome with the Head of St. John the Baptist (1910) Oil on Board by Adolf Frey-Moock
Salome (1914) by Gaston Bussiere
Salome (1923) starring Alla Nazimova
Salome (1918) lost film starring Theda Bara
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